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Jyväskylä Finland Indholdsfortegnelse Video

Finland's Plans for a Tunnel to Estonia

As an autonomous Grand Duchy under Russia —, Finland retained the Lutheran State Church system, and a state church separate from Sweden, later named the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland , was established.

It was detached from the state as a separate judicial entity when the new church law came to force in After Finland had gained independence in , religious freedom was declared in the constitution of and a separate law on religious freedom in Through this arrangement, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland lost its position as a state church but gained a constitutional status as a national church alongside the Finnish Orthodox Church , whose position however is not codified in the constitution.

In , However, the majority of Lutherans attend church only for special occasions like Christmas ceremonies, weddings, and funerals. The Lutheran Church estimates that approximately 1.

Life expectancy has increased from 71 years for men and 79 years for women in to 79 years for men and 84 years for women in There has been a slight increase or no change in welfare and health inequalities between population groups in the 21st century.

Lifestyle-related diseases are on the rise. More than half a million Finns suffer from diabetes , type 1 diabetes being globally the most common in Finland.

Many children are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. The number of musculoskeletal diseases and cancers are increasing, although the cancer prognosis has improved.

Allergies and dementia are also growing health problems in Finland. One of the most common reasons for work disability are due to mental disorders, in particular depression.

There are residents for each doctor. In April , Finland was ranked 2nd in Gross National Happiness in a report published by The Earth Institute.

Most pre-tertiary education is arranged at municipal level. Even though many or most schools were started as private schools, today only around 3 percent of students are enrolled in private schools mostly specialist language and international schools , much less than in Sweden and most other developed countries.

Primary school takes normally six years and lower secondary school three years. Most schools are managed by municipal officials.

The flexible curriculum is set by the Ministry of Education and the Education Board. Education is compulsory between the ages of 7 and After lower secondary school, graduates may either enter the workforce directly, or apply to trade schools or gymnasiums upper secondary schools.

Graduation from either formally qualifies for tertiary education. In tertiary education, two mostly separate and non-interoperating sectors are found: the profession-oriented polytechnics and the research-oriented universities.

Education is free and living expenses are to a large extent financed by the government through student benefits. There are 15 universities and 24 Universities of Applied Sciences UAS in the country.

Forest improvement, materials research, environmental sciences, neural networks, low-temperature physics, brain research, biotechnology, genetic technology, and communications showcase fields of study where Finnish researchers have had a significant impact.

Finland has a long tradition of adult education, and by the s nearly one million Finns were receiving some kind of instruction each year.

Forty percent of them did so for professional reasons. Adult education appeared in a number of forms, such as secondary evening schools, civic and workers' institutes, study centres, vocational course centres, and folk high schools.

Study centres allowed groups to follow study plans of their own making, with educational and financial assistance provided by the state.

Folk high schools are a distinctly Nordic institution. Originating in Denmark in the 19th century, folk high schools became common throughout the region.

Adults of all ages could stay at them for several weeks and take courses in subjects that ranged from handicrafts to economics.

Finland is highly productive in scientific research. In , Finland had the fourth most scientific publications per capita of the OECD countries.

In addition, 38 percent of Finland's population has a university or college degree , which is among the highest percentages in the world.

In a new law was enacted considering the universities, which defined that there are 16 of them as they were excluded from the public sector to be autonomous legal and financial entities, however enjoying special status in the legislation.

The change caused deep rooted discussions among the academic circles. English language is important in Finnish education. There are a number of degree programs that are taught in English, which attracts thousands of degree and exchange students every year.

In December the OECD reported that Finnish fathers spend an average of eight minutes a day more with their school-aged children than mothers do.

The Finns' love for saunas is generally associated with Finnish cultural tradition in the world. Sauna is a type of dry steam bath practiced widely in Finland, which is especially evident in the strong tradition around Midsummer and Christmas.

In Finland, the sauna has been a traditional cure or part of the treatment for many different diseases, thanks to the heat, which why the sauna has been a very hygienic place.

There is an old Finnish saying: "Jos sauna, terva ja viina ei auta, on tauti kuolemaksi. Moreover, nearly all Finnish houses have either their own sauna or in multistory apartment houses, a timeshare sauna.

Public saunas were previously common, but the tradition has declined when saunas have been built nearly everywhere private homes, municipal swimming halls, hotels, corporate headquarters, gyms, etc.

At one time, the World Sauna Championships were held in Heinola , Finland, but the death of a Russian competitor in finally stopped organizing the competitions as too dangerous.

The Finnish sauna culture was inscribed on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists at the 17 December meeting of the UNESCO Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.

As authorized by the state, the Finnish Heritage Agency commits, together with Finnish sauna communities and promoters of the sauna culture, to safeguard the vitality of the sauna tradition and to highlight its importance as part of customs and wellbeing.

Written Finnish could be said to have existed since Mikael Agricola translated the New Testament into Finnish during the Protestant Reformation , but few notable works of literature were written until the 19th century and the beginning of a Finnish national Romantic Movement.

This prompted Elias Lönnrot to collect Finnish and Karelian folk poetry and arrange and publish them as the Kalevala , the Finnish national epic.

The era saw a rise of poets and novelists who wrote in Finnish, notably Aleksis Kivi The Seven Brothers , Minna Canth Anna Liisa , Eino Leino Helkavirsiä , Johannes Linnankoski The Song of the Blood-Red Flower and Juhani Aho The Railroad and Juha.

Many writers of the national awakening wrote in Swedish, such as the national poet J. After Finland became independent, there was a rise of modernist writers , most famously the Finnish-speaking Mika Waltari and Swedish-speaking Edith Södergran.

Frans Eemil Sillanpää was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in World War II prompted a return to more national interests in comparison to a more international line of thought, characterized by Väinö Linna with his The Unknown Soldier and Under the North Star trilogy.

Besides Lönnrot's Kalevala and Waltari, the Swedish-speaking Tove Jansson , best known as the creator of The Moomins , is the most translated Finnish writer; [] her books have been translated into more than 40 languages.

The visual arts in Finland started to form their individual characteristics in the 19th century, when Romantic nationalism was rising in autonomic Finland.

The best known of Finnish painters, Akseli Gallen-Kallela , started painting in a naturalist style, but moved to national romanticism. Other notable world-famous Finnish painters include Magnus Enckell , Pekka Halonen , Eero Järnefelt , Helene Schjerfbeck and Hugo Simberg.

Finland's best-known sculptor of the 20th century was Wäinö Aaltonen , remembered for his monumental busts and sculptures.

Finns have made major contributions to handicrafts and industrial design : among the internationally renowned figures are Timo Sarpaneva , Tapio Wirkkala and Ilmari Tapiovaara.

Finnish architecture is famous around the world, and has contributed significantly to several styles internationally, such as Jugendstil or Art Nouveau , Nordic Classicism and Functionalism.

Among the top 20th-century Finnish architects to gain international recognition are Eliel Saarinen and his son Eero Saarinen. Architect Alvar Aalto is regarded as among the most important 20th-century designers in the world; [] he helped bring functionalist architecture to Finland, but soon was a pioneer in its development towards an organic style.

Much of Finland's classical music is influenced by traditional Karelian melodies and lyrics, as comprised in the Kalevala.

Karelian culture is perceived as the purest expression of the Finnic myths and beliefs, less influenced by Germanic influence than the Nordic folk dance music that largely replaced the kalevaic tradition.

Finnish folk music has undergone a roots revival in recent decades, and has become a part of popular music.

The people of northern Finland, Sweden, and Norway, the Sami , are known primarily for highly spiritual songs called joik. The same word sometimes refers to lavlu or vuelie songs, though this is technically incorrect.

The first Finnish opera was written by the German-born composer Fredrik Pacius in In the s Finnish nationalism based on the Kalevala spread, and Jean Sibelius became famous for his vocal symphony Kullervo.

He soon received a grant to study runo singers in Karelia and continued his rise as the first prominent Finnish musician. In he composed Finlandia , which played its important role in Finland gaining independence.

He remains one of Finland's most popular national figures and is a symbol of the nation. Another one of the most significant and internationally best-known Finnish-born classical composers long before Sibelius was Bernhard Crusell.

Today, Finland has a very lively classical music scene and many of Finland's important composers are still alive, such as Magnus Lindberg , Kaija Saariaho , Kalevi Aho , and Aulis Sallinen.

The composers are accompanied by a large number of great conductors such as Esa-Pekka Salonen , Osmo Vänskä , Jukka-Pekka Saraste , and Leif Segerstam.

Some of the internationally acclaimed Finnish classical musicians are Karita Mattila , Soile Isokoski , Pekka Kuusisto , Olli Mustonen , and Linda Lampenius.

Iskelmä coined directly from the German word Schlager , meaning "hit" is a traditional Finnish word for a light popular song. Modern Finnish popular music includes a number of prominent rock bands, jazz musicians, hip hop performers, dance music acts, etc.

During the early s, the first significant wave of Finnish rock groups emerged, playing instrumental rock inspired by groups such as The Shadows.

Around , Beatlemania arrived in Finland, resulting in further development of the local rock scene. During the late s and '70s, Finnish rock musicians increasingly wrote their own music instead of translating international hits into Finnish.

During the decade, some progressive rock groups such as Tasavallan Presidentti and Wigwam gained respect abroad but failed to make a commercial breakthrough outside Finland.

This was also the fate of the rock and roll group Hurriganes. The Finnish punk scene produced some internationally acknowledged names including Terveet Kädet in the s.

Hanoi Rocks was a pioneering s glam rock act that inspired the American hard rock group Guns N' Roses , among others. Many Finnish metal bands have gained international recognition; Finland has been often called the "Promised Land of Heavy Metal", because there are more than 50 metal Bands for every , inhabitants — more than any other nation in the world.

HIM's album Dark Light went gold in the United States. Apocalyptica are an internationally famous Finnish group who are most renowned for mixing strings-led classical music with classic heavy metal.

Other well-known metal bands are Amorphis , Beast in Black , Children of Bodom , Ensiferum , Finntroll , Impaled Nazarene , Insomnium , Korpiklaani , Moonsorrow , Reverend Bizarre , Sentenced , Sonata Arctica , Stratovarius , Swallow the Sun , Turisas , Waltari , and Wintersun.

In the field of electronic music , the most famous Finnish artist in the world is DJ Darude , whose most famous work is an instrumental song "Sandstorm" from That song has not only certified Gold and Platinum in the United States by the Recording Industry Association of America for sales over one million copies, [] but has also become a strong part of the internet meme culture.

In the film industry, notable directors include brothers Mika and Aki Kaurismäki , Dome Karukoski , Antti Jokinen , Jalmari Helander , Mauritz Stiller , Edvin Laine , Teuvo Tulio , Spede Pasanen , and Hollywood film director and producer Renny Harlin.

Around twelve feature films are made each year. In Finland, the most significant films include The Unknown Soldier , directed by Edvin Laine in , which is shown on television every Independence Day.

Although Finland's television offerings are largely known for their domestic dramas , such as the long-running soap opera series Salatut elämät , [] [] there are also internationally known drama series, such as Syke and Bordertown.

Thanks to its emphasis on transparency and equal rights, Finland's press has been rated the freest in the world. Today, there are around newspapers, popular magazines, 2, professional magazines, 67 commercial radio stations, three digital radio channels and one nationwide and five national public service radio channels.

Each year, around 12, book titles are published and 12 million records are sold. Sanoma publishes the newspaper Helsingin Sanomat its circulation of , [] making it the largest , the tabloid Ilta-Sanomat , the commerce-oriented Taloussanomat and the television channel Nelonen.

The other major publisher Alma Media publishes over thirty magazines, including the newspaper Aamulehti , tabloid Iltalehti and commerce-oriented Kauppalehti.

Worldwide, Finns, along with other Nordic peoples and the Japanese, spend the most time reading newspapers. Yle , the Finnish Broadcasting Company, operates five television channels and thirteen radio channels in both national languages.

Yle is funded through a mandatory television license and fees for private broadcasters. All TV channels are broadcast digitally , both terrestrially and on cable.

The commercial television channel MTV3 and commercial radio channel Radio Nova are owned by Nordic Broadcasting Bonnier and Proventus Industrier.

In regards to telecommunication infrastructure, Finland is the highest ranked country in the World Economic Forum's Network Readiness Index NRI — an indicator for determining the development level of a country's information and communication technologies.

Finland ranked 1st overall in the NRI ranking, unchanged from the year before. Finnish cuisine is notable for generally combining traditional country fare and haute cuisine with contemporary style cooking.

Fish and meat play a prominent role in traditional Finnish dishes from the western part of the country, while the dishes from the eastern part have traditionally included various vegetables and mushrooms.

Refugees from Karelia contributed to foods in eastern Finland. Finnish foods often use wholemeal products rye , barley , oats and berries such as bilberries , lingonberries , cloudberries , and sea buckthorn.

Milk and its derivatives like buttermilk are commonly used as food, drink, or in various recipes. Various turnips were common in traditional cooking, but were replaced with the potato after its introduction in the 18th century.

According to the statistics, red meat consumption has risen, but still Finns eat less beef than many other nations, and more fish and poultry.

This is mainly because of the high cost of meat in Finland. Finland has the world's highest per capita consumption of coffee.

There are several holidays in Finland, of which perhaps the most characteristic of Finnish culture include Christmas joulu , Midsummer juhannus , May Day vappu and Independence Day itsenäisyyspäivä.

Of these, Christmas and Midsummer are special in Finland because the actual festivities take place on eves, such as Christmas Eve jouluaatto [] [] and Midsummer's Eve juhannusaatto , [] [] while Christmas Day joulupäivä and Midsummer's Day juhannuspäivä are more consecrated to rest.

Other public holidays in Finland are New Year's Day uudenvuodenpäivä , Epiphany loppiainen , Good Friday pitkäperjantai , Easter Sunday pääsiäissunnuntai and Easter Monday pääsiäismaanantai , Ascension Day helatorstai , All Saints' Day pyhäinpäivä and Saint Stephen's Day tapaninpäivä.

All official holidays in Finland are established by Acts of Parliament. On the other hand, laskiainen that is strongly part of the Finnish tradition is not defined as a public holiday in relation to the above-mentioned holidays.

Various sporting events are popular in Finland. Pesäpallo , resembling baseball, is the national sport of Finland, although the most popular sports in terms of spectators is ice hockey.

In terms of medals and gold medals won per capita, Finland is the best performing country in Olympic history. At the Summer Olympics , great pride was taken in the three gold medals won by the original " Flying Finn " Hannes Kolehmainen.

Finland was one of the most successful countries at the Olympic Games before World War II. At the Summer Olympics , Finland, a nation then of only 3.

In the s and '30s, Finnish long-distance runners dominated the Olympics, with Paavo Nurmi winning a total of nine Olympic gold medals between and and setting 22 official world records between and Nurmi is often considered the greatest Finnish sportsman and one of the greatest athletes of all time.

For over years, Finnish male and female athletes have consistently excelled at the javelin throw. The event has brought Finland nine Olympic gold medals, five world championships, five European championships, and 24 world records.

Finland is also one of the most successful nations in bandy , being the only nation beside Russia and Sweden to win a Bandy World Championship.

The Summer Olympics were held in Helsinki. Other notable sporting events held in Finland include the and World Championships in Athletics.

Finland also has a notable history in figure skating. Finnish skaters have won 8 world championships and 13 junior world cups in synchronized skating, and Finland is considered one of the best countries at the sport.

Some of the most popular recreational sports and activities include floorball , Nordic walking , running, cycling, and skiing alpine skiing , cross-country skiing , and ski jumping.

Floorball, in terms of registered players, occupies third place after football and ice hockey. According to the Finnish Floorball Federation, floorball is the most popular school, youth, club and workplace sport.

Especially since the FIBA Basketball World Cup , Finland's national basketball team has received widespread public attention. More than 8, Finns travelled to Spain to support their team.

Overall, they chartered more than 40 airplanes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 6 January This article is about the European country.

For other uses, see Finland disambiguation. Nordic country on the Baltic Sea. Show globe. Show map of Europe.

Finnish Finn. Main article: History of Finland. Main article: Finland under Swedish rule. Main article: Grand Duchy of Finland.

See also: Diet of Porvoo , Finland's language strife , and Russification of Finland. Main articles: Independence of Finland , Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic , and Finnish Civil War.

Main articles: Finland during World War II , Finno-Soviet Treaty of , Finlandization , and Early s depression in Finland.

Main article: Geography of Finland. See also: List of cities and towns in Finland , List of lakes of Finland , List of national parks of Finland , and Environmental issues in Finland.

Main articles: Fauna of Finland and Wildlife of Finland. Main article: Climate of Finland. Main article: Regions of Finland. North Ostrobothnia. North Karelia.

Northern Savonia. Southern Savonia. South Ostrobothnia. Central Ostrobothnia. Central Finland. Southwest Finland. South Karelia. Päijänne Tavastia.

Tavastia Proper. Main articles: Administrative divisions of Finland , Regions of Finland , Sub-regions of Finland , Municipalities of Finland , and Historical provinces of Finland.

Main article: Politics of Finland. See also: List of political parties in Finland and Human rights in Finland.

Main article: President of Finland. Main article: Parliament of Finland. See also: List of Female Cabinet Ministers in Finland.

Main articles: Law of Finland and Judicial system of Finland. Main articles: Human rights in Finland , Women's suffrage in Finland , and LGBT rights in Finland.

Main article: Foreign relations of Finland. Main article: Social security in Finland. Main articles: Finnish Defence Forces and Military history of Finland.

See also: List of wars involving Finland. Main article: Economy of Finland. See also: List of companies of Finland , List of largest companies in Finland , and Helsinki Stock Exchange.

See also: Nordic energy market , Peat energy in Finland , and Nuclear power in Finland. Main article: Transport in Finland. Like other Nordic countries, Finland has liberalized its system of economic regulation since late s.

Financial and product market regulations were modified. Some state enterprises were privatized and some tax rates were altered.

This was caused by a combination of economic overheating largely due to a change in the banking laws in which made credit much more accessible , depressed markets with key trading partners particularly the Swedish and Soviet markets as well as local markets, slow growth with other trading partners, and the disappearance of the Soviet bilateral trade.

The crisis was amplified by trade unions' initial opposition to any reforms. A total of over 10 billion euros were used to bail out failing banks, which led to banking sector consolidation.

Finland joined the European Union in The central bank was given an inflation-targeting mandate until Finland joined the euro zone.

Finland was one of the 11 countries joining the third phase of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union , adopting the euro as the country's currency, on 1 January The national currency markka FIM was withdrawn from circulation and replaced by the euro EUR at the beginning of The following table shows the main economic indicators in — Finland's climate and soils make growing crops a particular challenge.

In response to the climate, farmers have relied on quick-ripening and frost-resistant varieties of crops. Most farmland had originally been either forest or swamp, and the soil had usually required treatment with lime and years of cultivation to neutralise excess acid and to develop fertility.

Irrigation was generally not necessary, but drainage systems were often needed to remove excess water. Until the late nineteenth century, Finland's isolation required that most farmers concentrate on producing grains to meet the country's basic food needs.

In the fall, farmers planted rye; in the spring, southern and central farmers started oats, while northern farmers seeded barley.

Farms also grew small quantities of potatoes, other root crops, and legumes. Nevertheless, the total area under cultivation was still small.

Cattle grazed in the summer and consumed hay in the winter. Essentially self-sufficient, Finland engaged in very limited agricultural trade.

This traditional, almost autarkic, production pattern shifted sharply during the late nineteenth century, when inexpensive imported grain from Russia and the United States competed effectively with local grain.

At the same time, rising domestic and foreign demand for dairy products and the availability of low-cost imported cattle feed made dairy and meat production much more profitable.

These changes in market conditions induced Finland's farmers to switch from growing staple grains to producing meat and dairy products, setting a pattern that persisted into the late s.

In response to the agricultural depression of the s, the government encouraged domestic production by imposing tariffs on agricultural imports.

This policy enjoyed some success: the total area under cultivation increased, and farm incomes fell less sharply in Finland than in most other countries.

Barriers to grain imports stimulated a return to mixed farming, and by Finland's farmers were able to meet roughly 90 percent of the domestic demand for grain.

The disruptions caused by the Winter War and the Continuation War caused further food shortages, especially when Finland ceded territory, including about one-tenth of its farmland, to the Soviet Union.

The experiences of the depression and the war years persuaded the Finns to secure independent food supplies to prevent shortages in future conflicts.

After the war, the first challenge was to resettle displaced farmers. Most refugee farmers were given farms that included some buildings and land that had already been in production, but some had to make do with "cold farms," that is, land not in production that usually had to be cleared or drained before crops could be sown.

The government sponsored large-scale clearing and draining operations that expanded the area suitable for farming. As a result of the resettlement and land-clearing programs, the area under cultivation expanded by about , hectares, reaching about 2.

Finland thus came to farm more land than ever before, an unusual development in a country that was simultaneously experiencing rapid industrial growth.

During this period of expansion, farmers introduced modern production practices. The widespread use of modern inputs—chemical fertilisers and insecticides, agricultural machinery, and improved seed varieties—sharply improved crop yields.

Yet the modernisation process again made farm production dependent on supplies from abroad, this time on imports of petroleum and fertilisers.

By domestic sources of energy covered only about 20 percent of farm needs, while in domestic sources had supplied 70 percent of them. In the aftermath of the oil price increases of the early s, farmers began to return to local energy sources such as firewood.

The existence of many farms that were too small to allow efficient use of tractors also limited mechanisation. Another weak point was the existence of many fields with open drainage ditches needing regular maintenance; in the mids, experts estimated that half of the cropland needed improved drainage works.

At that time, about 1 million hectares had underground drainage, and agricultural authorities planned to help install such works on another million hectares.

Despite these shortcomings, Finland's agriculture was efficient and productive—at least when compared with farming in other European countries.

Forests play a key role in the country's economy, making it one of the world's leading wood producers and providing raw materials at competitive prices for the crucial wood-processing industries.

As in agriculture, the government has long played a leading role in forestry, regulating tree cutting, sponsoring technical improvements, and establishing long-term plans to ensure that the country's forests continue to supply the wood-processing industries.

Finland's wet climate and rocky soils are ideal for forests. Tree stands do well throughout the country, except in some areas north of the Arctic Circle.

In the forested area totaled about The proportion of forest land varied considerably from region to region. In the central lake plateau and in the eastern and northern provinces, forests covered up to 80 percent of the land area, but in areas with better conditions for agriculture, especially in the southwest, forests accounted for only 50 to 60 percent of the territory.

The main commercial tree species—pine, spruce, and birch—supplied raw material to the sawmill, pulp, and paper industries. The forests also produced sizable aspen and elder crops.

The heavy winter snows and the network of waterways were used to move logs to the mills. Loggers were able to drag cut trees over the winter snow to the roads or water bodies.

In the southwest, the sledding season lasted about days per year; the season was even longer to the north and the east. The country's network of lakes and rivers facilitated log floating, a cheap and rapid means of transport.

Each spring, crews floated the logs downstream to collection points; tugs towed log bundles down rivers and across lakes to processing centers.

The waterway system covered much of the country, and by the s Finland had extended roadways and railroads to areas not served by waterways, effectively opening up all of the country's forest reserves to commercial use.

Forestry and farming were closely linked. During the twentieth century, government land redistribution programmes had made forest ownership widespread, allotting forestland to most farms.

In the s, private farmers controlled 35 percent of the country's forests; other persons held 27 percent; the government, 24 percent; private corporations, 9 percent; and municipalities and other public bodies, 5 percent.

The forestlands owned by farmers and by other people—some , plots—were the best, producing 75 to 80 percent of the wood consumed by industry; the state owned much of the poorer land, especially that in the north.

The ties between forestry and farming were mutually beneficial. Farmers supplemented their incomes with earnings from selling their wood, caring for forests, or logging; forestry made many otherwise marginal farms viable.

At the same time, farming communities maintained roads and other infrastructure in rural areas, and they provided workers for forest operations.

Indeed, without the farming communities in sparsely populated areas, it would have been much more difficult to continue intensive logging operations and reforestation in many prime forest areas.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry has carried out forest inventories and drawn up silvicultural plans.

According to surveys, between and the late s foresters had cut trees faster than the forests could regenerate them. Nevertheless, between the early s and , Finland was able to boost the total area of its forests by some 2.

Beginning in , the country instituted plans that called for expanding forest cultivation, draining peatland and waterlogged areas, and replacing slow-growing trees with faster-growing varieties.

Space to think — a journey into Finnish arts and culture Read article. Falling in love with Finnish design Read article. Can you festival? Sustainable Finnish design Read article.

Join the Finns in the sauna Read article. Plan your stay Find more culture products at My Stay. You might also enjoy these.

If you want to be happy like a Finn scroll down for our tips and tricks! Read More. Design District Helsinki. There are city versions for apartment dwellers and hotel guests, but a lakeside or seaside sauna flanked by Finnish forest offers the best experience of all.

Developed by Maiju Gebhard for the Finnish Association of Work Efficiency in the mids to eliminate manual drying of dishes, the dish-drying cupboard makes sense on so many practical levels.

Trademarked in and on the cutting edge ever since, Fiskars scissors have registered sales of more than one billion to date.

Marking its 80th anniversary in , the three-legged modern classic has been copied endlessly since its debut. You can dress it up, dress it down, stack a set in the corner of a room to save space or use one as a coffee table, bookstand or nightstand.

Where else in the world are the lakes so clean that you can take a drink of water while you swim? Finland boasts close to , lakes.

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JyvГ¤skylГ¤ Finland Domestic manufacture of bronze artifacts started BC with Maaninka-type bronze axes. In the film industry, notable directors include brothers Mika and Aki KaurismäkiDome KarukoskiAntti Jokinen Free Vegas Slots No Download No Register, Jalmari HelanderMauritz Stiller JyvГ¤skylГ¤ Finland, Edvin LaineTeuvo TulioSpede Pasanenand Hollywood film director and producer Renny Harlin. Settling in Espoo. Employment and entrepreneurship in Vantaa. Photo: Fiskars. Efter den westfalske fred i var det svenske empirium en af de mest magtfulde stater i Europa. Engle, Eloise and Paananen, Pauri. Sauna is also another unique feature of Finnish culture. Knorr Tortellini International Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status. Finnish law forces all workers to obey the national contracts that are drafted every few years for each profession and seniority level. Finland in brief. Problems in working life. Main article: Economy of Finland. This means that the energy consumption per capita is around 7.
JyvГ¤skylГ¤ Finland I wasn't there Broswergames, but it had everything I needed. Harjun Paperi. Flashes of lightning are frequent and heavy rain is also part of the picture. Elias Lönnrotthe compiler of the Finnish national epic, the Spiele Mit Zombiesgave the city the nickname " Athens of Finland". Retrieved 30 January Finland högt på lista över utmattade föräldrar: "Den oskrivna regeln är att man måste klara sig själv", säger småbarnsmamma Er pukkellaksen et problem eller en ressurs?. Welcome to the heart of Finnish Lakeland! Jyväskylä is a lively, versatile city of sport, movement and well-being in which over 5 events are staged annually. Jyväskylä is situated in the middle of Finland, right in the heart of Urban Finnish lakeland. The city that follows in the footsteps of the world-famous architect and designer. In Finland the weather can vary greatly during one day, first sunshine, then rain. Rapid changes in the weather are a characteristic feature from one day to the next. In the winter troughs of low pressure that have formed over the North Atlantic bring mild, cloudy and wet weather on southerly and southwesterly winds. This hotel is located in the heart of Jyväskylä, on the pedestrian street Kauppakatu, feet from Jyväskylä train station. A Finnish breakfast is served in the Silmu restaurant daily. Excellent value, right in the middle of the city. Excellent breakfast with fresh ingredients. All the personnel is really professional and nice. Currently: 32 °F. Light snow. Mostly cloudy. (Weather station: Jyvaskyla Airport, Finland). See more current weather ×.

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JyvГ¤skylГ¤ Finland Finland is located in Northern Europe in the Baltic Sea region. Finland’s neighbouring countries are Russia (east), Norway (north), Sweden (west) and Estonia (south). The surface area of Finland is , km², which includes the land and inland water areas. Economy. The currency of Finland . Finland is highly integrated in the global economy, and international trade is a third of GDP. The European Union makes 60 percent of the total trade. The largest trade flows are with Germany, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States, Netherlands and China. Trade policy is managed by the European Union, where Finland has traditionally been among the free trade supporters, except. Arbetstagare, företagare, studerande, återflyttare, flykting, asylsökande eller en familjemedlem till en person bosatt i Finland hittar information speciellt om sin egen situation på dessa sidor i InfoFinland. Via dessa sidor hittar du snabbt den information som du behöver i kortfattade form.

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